Normal Dog And Cat Blood Chemistry And Lab Values 

Feline & Canine Blood Chemistry Values,Temperature, Urine and Other Values for Your Dog and Cat

Ron Hines DVM PhD

Reasons your pet’s blood chemistry values are abnormal

Common veterinary abbreviations  

Your Dog And Cat’s Normal Test Reference Values

Deciding what “normal” test results are for your dog and cat is not always easy. Just as in healthy people, no two pets have exactly the same normal base line values. So what might be “normal” in one pet might be slightly abnormal in another. When a test result is slightly outside of your laboratory’s “normal range”, it needs to be interpreted in light of how your pet is feeling and the problems that brought your pet in for testing in the first place. It also needs to be determined more than once. The two major blood analysis corporations in North America are Antech Diagnostics  and Idexx Laboratories . Although they have similar normals, they are not identical. Veterinary schools also have clinical laboratories and each maintains its own list of what it considers to be “normal values” on its analytical machines. I added a color code to identify the laboratory source of the individual “normal values”. 

You Can Read About The Actual Causes Of Many Abnormal Test Result  here.

In non-emergency situations, request that your pet’s blood sample be sent to a national laboratory for analysis rather than performed at your local animal hospital (read here). These large national laboratories have the staff and resources to insure the most accurate results. They also provide your local veterinarian with the backup advice of university-grade experts ready to offer assistance when your dog or cat’s test results are perplexing. It is always safest to have an abnormal test result confirmed on more than one occasion before deciding if it is truly significant

Data sources: Antech=green, Plumb’s=purple, Idexx CentralLab=dark azure, IdexxCatalyst DX™=magenta  Cornell=royal blue  A&M Univ.GI Lab=Orange  Rx=treat  μmol/L=umol/L   IU=iu

ACTH Stimulation Test    Dog: 13.8-137.9 nmol/L pre   151.75-469 nmol/L post  ( read here ) Post result of <2µg/dL indicative of Addison’s    Cat: —

A/G ratio (albumin/globulin)  Dog: 0.8-2.0  0.7-1.5  0.9-1.9 Cat: 0.35-1.5  0.8-1.5

Albumin  Dog: 2.7-4.4  g/dL  2.7-3.9  3.2-4.1 Cat: 2.5-3.9  3.2-4.3 g/dL

Alkaline Phosphatase  (ALP) Dog: 5-131   5-160  7-115 u/L  Cat: 6 -102 11-49 u/L

ALT (aka SGPT)  Dog: 12-118   18-121  17-95 u/L  Cat: 10-100  28-109 u/L

Ammonia (in blood) Dog: 2-110 μmol/L Some give <35.7 µmol/L (50 µg/mL)  (ref)  Cat: —

Amylase (in blood)  Dog: 290-1125  322-1310 u/L  Cat: 100-1200  603-2183 iu/L

ANA (antinuclear antibody)  Dog : some say a titer of <10, other <40 ?  Cat: <10, other <40 ?

Anion Gap (of blood)*  Dog: 8-25  11-26 17-27 mEq/L or mmol/L Cat: 10-33 18-29 mEq/L or mmol/L

AST (aka SGOT)Dog: 15-66  16-55 18-56 u/L Cat: 10-100 17-48 u/L

Basophils    Dog:  0-1% of WBCs  Cat: 0-1% of WBCs

Basophils  Dog:  0-150 Total #/µL 0-100/uL  Cat: 0-150 Total #/µL

Bicarbonate Dog: 18-25 14-24 mmol/L = mEq/L 13-27 Cat: 16-22 14-20 mmol/L = mEq/L

Bile acids   Dog:  < 15 μmol/L < 10 μmol/L Cat:  < 10 μmol/L

Bilirubin (direct/conjugated) Dog: 0-0.1 0-0.1 mg/dL  Cat: 0-0

Bilirubin (indirect/unconjugated)    Dog: 0-0.4  0-0.1  0-0.2 mg/dL Cat: 0-0.4 0-0.1 mg/dL

Bilirubin (total)    Dog: 0.9 – 10.5 mmol/L Cat: 1.2-7.9 mmol/L

Bilirubin (total)    Dog: 0.1-0.3  0.0-03 0-0.2 mg/dL Cat: 0.1-0.4  0-0.1 mg/dL

 Bilirubin (in urine) Dog: Negative to 1+

Bleeding Time    Dog: 2-4 minutes (clinically:< 4)  Cat: 2-4 minutes

Blood (in urine)    Dog: Up to 5 RBCs seen/high power microscope field = hpf. Some say <3  Cats: the same

Blood Pressure **   (systolic at animal hospital add 20%) Dog: 120-140 mmHg  Cat: 124-140 mmHg (Some vets deem 160 OK others begin Rx @ 160)

Body Temperature (rectal)    Dog: 101-102.5 F, 38.3-39.2 C   Cat: 101.5-102.2 F, 38.6-39 C  Plumbs: Dog: 99.5-102.5 F 37.5-39.2 C

Breaths per minute    Dog: 18-34   Cat: 16-40

BUN  (US & Canada)    Dog: 6-25  9-31 mg/dL Cat: 14-36 17-35 mg/dl

BUN  (Euro & UK)     Dog:  2.5-9.6 mmol/L Cat:  5.7-12.9 mmol/L

BUN/Creatinine ratio    Dog: 4-27  Cat: 4-33

C-reactive protein   Dog: 0-12  mg/L Cat: mg/L —

Total Calcium (in blood)    Dog: 8.9-11.4  8.4-11.8  9.4-11.1 mg/dL Cat: 8.2-10.8  9.0-11.3 mg/dL

Total Calcium (in blood)    Dog: 2.2-3.0 mmol/L  Cat: 2.0-2.7 mmol/L

Chloride Dog: 102-120 109-122 108-119 106-114 mEq/L or mmol/L Cat: 104-128 111-124 mEq/L or mmol/L 

Cholesterol Dog: 92-324 136-392  131-345 mg/dL Cat: 75-220 101-323 mg/dL

Cholesterol Dog: 3.0-6.6 mmol/L  Cat: 1.8-4.2 mmol/L

Cholinesterase Dog: 1,895-5,240  3164-8164 u/L  Cat: 736-3,016  1540-4055 u/L

CK (CPK, Creatine Kinase)  Dog: 59-895 64-314  10-200 u/L Cat: 56-529 74-386 iu/L

Clotting Time (ACT activated clotting time)  Dog: 55-80 seconds. Cat: 55-85 seconds

Clotting Time (buccal bleeding time)  Dog: 2-4 minutes Cat: 2-4 minutes

CO2 (in blood)  Dog: 15-25 mmol/L  13-27 Cat: 12-30 mmol/L (same as bicarbonate)

Coagulation Time (on glass)  Dog:  2-4 minutes  Cat: 2-4 minutes  exposure to glass greatly reduces clotting time. 

Cobalamin (vit B-12)  Dog:  251-908 ng/L  Cat: 290-1,500 ng/L

Cobalamin (fasting,A&M GI Lab) Dog: >300 ng/L  Cat: 290-1,499 ng/L

Cortisol (resting level)  Dog:  1.0-5.0 μg/dL  Cat: 1.0-4.5 μg/dL

cPL (canine pancreas-specific lipase)  Dog:  < or up to 200 μg/L

C-Reactive Protein  Dog: 0-7.6 mg/L

Creatinine (in blood)  Dog: 0.5-1.6  0.6-1.4  0.5-1.5 mg/dL Cat: 0.6-2.4  0.8-2.1 mg/dL IRIS* considers any canine value > 1.4 or feline value > 1.6 to be evidence of kidney disease

Creatinine (in blood, Euro)  Dog: 44-138 mmol/L  Cat: 49-165 mmol/L 

Creatinine (in urine)  Dog: 100-500 mg/dL

CRT (Capillary Refill Time)  Dog: 1-2 seconds  Cat: 1-2 seconds

cTLI (canine trypsin-like immunoreactivity) Dog: 5-35  

D-Dimer (A&M) Dog: 116.2-371.5 ng/ml

Eosinophils (% Eos) Dog: 2-10%  Cat: 2-12%

Eosinophils  (total #)  Dog: 0-1,200 /μL 70-1,490/uL  Cat: 0-1,000 /μL

Fecal Alpha1 Proteinase Inhibitor  Dog: 2.2-18.7 (α1-PI)μg/gm  Cat: 0.04-1.6 (α1-PI)μg/gm

Fibrinogen  Dog: 150-400 mg/dL  Cat: 150-400 mg/dL

Fibrinogen  Dog: 1-4 g/L  Cat: 0.5-3 g/L

Folate (fasting) Dog: 7.7-24.4 μg/L  Cat:  9.7-21.6 μg/L

fPL (feline pancreas-specific lipase) Cat: < 3.5 μg/L

Free T-4 Dog: 8-40 pmol/L  Cat: 10-50 pmol/L

Free T-4 (FT4) Dog: 0.6-3.7 ng/dL  Cat: —

Fructosamine  Dog: (UofGA Lab) 258-343 266-381  μmol/L  Cat: 175-400 219-365 μmol/L

Gestation Period (pregnancy)  Dog: 62-63 days   Cat: 63-64 days

GGT (GGTP) Dog: 1-12  0-8  0-13 u/L Cat: 1-10  0-2 u/L

GLDH (Glutamate dehydrogenase, GDH)   Dog: 1-20  u/L Cat: 0-12

Globulin (total in blood) Dog: 1.6-3.6  1.9-3.7 g/dL 2.4-4.0 Cat: 2.3-5.3  2.9-4.7 g/dL

Globulin (total in blood) Dog: 1.6-3.6  2.4-4.0 g/dL  Cat: 23-53 g/L

Glucose (in blood) Dog: 70-138  68-104 63-114 mg/dL Cat: 64-170  71-182 mg/dL

Glucose (in blood) Dog: 4.4-8.3 mmol/L  Cat: 3.9-9.4 mmol/L

HCO3 (buffering capacity of venous blood) Dog: 19-24 mEq/L  Cat: 19-24 mEq/L

Heart Rate  Dog: 70-120 beats/minute  Cat: 120-170 beats/minute

Hematocrit (PCV, Hct)  Dog: 36-60  38.3-56.5  41-58 % Cat: 29-48  31-48  %

Hemoglobin (Hg) Dog: 12.1-20.3  14.1-20 g/dL  13.4-20.7 Cat: 9.3-15.9  10.9-15.7 g/dL

Hemoglobin (Hg) Dog: 120-180 g/L  Cat: 80-150 g/L

Insulin (blood level) Dog: 5-20 μiu/ml  Cat: 5-20 μunits/ml

Iron (serum level)  Dog: 46-241  97-263 μg/dL  Cat: 42-165  59-169 μg/dL

Ionized Calcium  Dog: 5.0-6.0 mg/dL  Cat: 4.6-5.5 mg/dL

Ionized Calcium  Dog: 1.24-1.43  1.16-1.40 mmol/L  Cat: 1.16-1.34  1.11-1.38 mmol/L

Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC)  Dog: 363-475 μg/dL  Cat: 296-318 μg/dL

LDH (lactate dehydrogenase)  Dog: 20-500 24-388 u/L  Cat: 20-500  71-406 u/L

Lipase  Dog: 77-695  15-228 u/L  Cat: 10-205  7-23 u/L

Lipase-DCL   Dog: 65-691 u/L  Cat:  5-222 u/L

Lipase Pancreas-Specific Dog: cPLI: A&M 0-200  Cat: fPLI: Antech 2.0–6.8 µg/L A&M 0-3.5 µg/L

Lipase (Precision PSL™)    Dog 24-140 u/L   Cat: 8-26 u/L

Lymphocyte Dog: 12-30% of WBC count  Cat: 20-45% of WBC count

Lymphocyte Dog: 690-4,500 /µL 1,060-4,950/uL Cat: 1,200-8,000 /µL

Magnesium  Dog: 1.5-2.5  1.5-2.1 mEq/L  Cat: 1.5-2.5  1.7-2.2 mEq/L

Magnesium  Dog: 0.7-1.1 mmol/L  Cat: 0.8-1.2 mmol/L 

MCH (mean corpuscular hemoglobin) Dog: 19-28  21.9-26.1  21-26 pg Cat: 11-21  13-17 pg 

MCV (mean corpuscular volume) Dog: 58-79  64-76  59-76 /fL = μm3  Cat: 37-61  40-52 fL= μm3

MCHC (mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration) Dog: 30-38  33-36  32.6-39.2 g/dL Cat: 30-38  32-35 g/dL

Microalbumin (in urine) Dog: <2.5 mg/dL  Cat: <2.5 mg/dL

Monocyte (in blood)  Dog: 3-10% of WBC count Cat: 1-4% of WBC count

Monocyte (in blood aka absolute) Dog: 0-840  130-115 /µL  Cat:  0-600 /µL

M:E ratio (Myeloid/erythroid ratio) Dog: 0.75-2.5:1  Cat: 0.6-3.9:1

Myoglobin Dog: 0  Cat: 0   should not be in blood or urine

Neutrophil (total % ) Dog: 60-77 % of WBC count Cat: 35-75 % of WBC count

Neutrophil (total number aka absolute) Dog: 2,060-10,600 2,940-12,670 /uL 2.7-9.4 x103/µL Cat: 2,500-8,500 /µL   2.3-11.6 x103/µL

Neutrophil (total % immature Band neutros)  Dog: 0-3% ofWBC count  Cat: 0-3% ofWBC count

Neutrophil  (total number of Band neutros) Dog: 0-300 /µL  Cat: 0-150 /µL

Osmolality (of blood) Dog: 277-311 mOsm/L  Cat: 299-330 mOsm/L

PCO2 (of venous blood) Dog: 40-45 mmHg  Cat: 40-45 mmHg

PCV (packed cell volume = hematocrit) Dog: 37-55  42-54 %  Cat: 29-45 31-48 %

pH (of blood)  Dog: 7.32-7.42  Cat: 7.24-7.40

pH (of urine)  Dog: 5.5-7.0  Cat: 5.5-7.0

Phosphate (in blood) Dog: 2.3-6.5  2.7-5.4 mg/dL  Cat: 2.7-6.5  2.6-5.5 mg/dL

Phosphorus (in blood) Dog: 2.5-6.0  2.5-6.1 mg/dL  Cat: 2.4-8.2 mg/dL Most vets begin Rx @4-4.6 for CKD

Phosphorus (in blood) Dog: 1.0-2.0 mmol/L  Cat 1.3-2.4 mmol/L

Phosphorus (in blood) Dog: 2.8-6.2 mg/dcL 2.5-6.1 Cat: 3.7-9.3 mg/dcL

Platelets (estimated) Dog: “adequate”  Cat: “adequate

Platelet Count Dog: 2-9 x 105/µL3  143-448 K/uL Cat: 3-7 x 105/µL3  

Platelet Count  Dog: 170-400 x 109/L or 103/µL  Cat: 200-500 x 109/L or 103/µL 

Potassium  Dog: 3.6-5.5  3.5-5.8 4.0-5.4  4.1-5.4 mEq/L or mmol/L Cat: 3.4-5.6  3.8-5.5  mEq/L or mmol/L

Protein:Creatinine UPC ratio (urine) Dog: <or = 0.5  Cat: <or = 0.5

Protein (TP total in blood)  Dog: 5.0-7.4 gm/dL  Cat: 5.2-8.8 gm/dL

Protein (TP in blood plasma)  Dog: 55-75 gm/L  Cat: 57-80 gm/L

Protein (TP in blood serum)  Dog: 50-75 gm/L  Cat: 60-82 gm/L

Protein (in urine)  Dog & Cat  mg/dL varies depending on how dilute your pet’s urine sample is. 

Prothrombin Time Dog: 10-25 seconds  Cat: 10-25 seconds

PTH (parathyroid hormone) Dog: 20-130  Cat: 0-40

PTH (parathyroid hormone) Dog: 2-13 pmol/L  Cat: 0-4 pmol/L

PTH (parathyroid hormone N-terminal) Dog: 15-55 pg/ml  Cat: 8-28 pg/ml

PTHrP (parathyroid hormone-related protein) Dog: —  Cat: 0-1 pmol/L

Pulse Rate  Dog: 70-120 beats/minute  Cat: 120-170 beats/minute

Red Blood Cells  (RBC = erythrocytes) Dog: 4.8-9.3 x 106 /μL or mm³  5.39-8.70 also=M/uL 5.39-8.7 Cat: 5.92-9.93 x 106 /μL or mm³

RDW (red blood cell distribution width) Dog: 14-19 10.6-14.3 %  Cat: 14-31  13.2-17.5 %

Respiratory rate  Dog: 18-34 breaths/minute  Cat: 16-34 breaths/minute

Reticulocytes Dog: 0-1.5% 0.2-1.5 of RBCs  Cat: 0.2-1.6% 0.1-0.7 of RBCs

Reticulocytes  Dog: 10-110 K/uL   Cat —

Reticulocytes Dog: 11-92 x109/L Cat: 9-61 x109/L  

Reticulocyte Hemoglobin(CHr iron in bone marrow, Dx iron deficiency [ref])  Dog: 22.3-29.6 pg

 SDH (succinate dehydrogenase) Dog: 3.1-19  3-13 u/L  Cat: 2.4-12  1-11 u/L

SDMA ( symmetric dimethylarginine) Dog: 0-14 µg/dL  Cat: 0-14 µg/dL

Sodium (Na in blood)  Dog: 139-154 mEq/L or mmol/L  144-160 142-152  143-150 Cat: 145-158 mEq/L150-165  149-158 mEq/L or mmol/L

Sodium to Potassium Ration (NA/K ratio)  Dog: 27-38 28-37  Cat: 32-41

Specific Gravity (SG of urine, first void of the morning)  Dog:  1.015-1.050, Idexx & IRIS: 1.015-1.045, Osborne: 1.040-1.065  Cat: 1.015-1.060, Idexx & IRIS: 1.035-1.060, Osborne: 1.045-1.085

Spec fPL (feline specific pancreatic lipase) Dog: not applicable Cat: 0.1-3.5 μg/L 

T 3 (thyroid hormone)  Dog: 45-150 ng/dL  Cat: 40-150 ng/dL

T 4 (thyroid hormone)  Dog: 0.8-3.5  0.8-2.9  1.0-4.0 μg/dL Cat: 0.8-4.0 μg/dL

Taurine (in plasma) Dog: —  Cat: 80-120 nmol/L

TCO2 (~ bicarbonate)  Dog: 17-24 mEq/L  13-27 mmol/L Cat: —

Temperature  Dog” 99.5-102.5  Cat: 100-102.5

TIBC (total iron-binding capacity)  Dog: 235-495 280-489 μg/dL  Cat: 203-398 222-423 μg/dL

TLI (trypsin-like immunoreactivity, fasting) Dog: 5.7-45.2 μg/L Cat: 12-82 μg/L

Total Protein (in blood)  Dog: 5.0 – 7.4  5.5-7.2 g/dL 5.5-7.5 Cat: 5.2 – 8.8  6.6-8.4 g/dL

Total Protein (in urine)  Dog & Cat  mg/dL varies depending on how dilute your pet’s urine sample is.

Triglycerides Dog: 29-291 23-102 mg/dL  Cat: 25-160 30-106 mg/dL

TSH (cTSH)  Dog: 0-0.6  milliinternational units/L   13-38 % of hypothyroid dogs have TSH concentrations within the normal reference range 

Urea Nitrogen aka BUN  (US & Canada)    Dog: 6-25  mg/dL  Cat: 14-36 mg/dL

Urea Nitrogen aka BUN   (Euro, UK, etc.)     Dog: 2.5-7.0 mmol/L or 2.5-9.6   Cat: 5.0-11 mmol/L or 5.7-12.9 depending on the laboratory

Urea (the entire urea molecule, rather than just the nitrogen portion reported as BUN  is sometimes what is measured outside of N. America.  Dog:  8.7-30.5 mg/dL  Cat:  13.4-32.5 mg/dL

Uric Acid  Dog:  0.2-0.9  0.1-0.4 mg/dL  Cat: 0-0.5 0-0.3 mg/dL

Protein:Creatinine ratio (UPC in urine) Dog: < 0.5  Cat: < 0.4  NCSU give dog and cat UPC normals as < 0.4 and <0.2

Vitamin D3  ( in blood)  Dog —   Cat: 125-335 nmol/L  Some vets supplement @200

White Blood Cell Count (WBC, leukocytes) Dog:  4.0-15.5  5.7-14.2  4.9-17.6  x103 cells/μL or mm³  Cat: 3.5-16.0  5.1-16.2 x103 cells/μL or mm³

White Blood Cells (WBCs seen in urine) Dog: 0 – 3 Idexx 0-5 /high power microscope field Cat: same as dog

* IRIS = International Renal Interest Society

DxMe

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